Without a doubt, Spain is an international reference in the world maritime sector since remote times, thanks to its more than 8,000 kilometers of coastline with strategic points of very high traffic of ships, such as the Strait of Gibraltar. In terms of economic impact, the port sector contributes 2.07% to GDP and 1.23% to employment, generating some 100,000 direct jobs, 60,000 indirect jobs and 116,000 induced jobs (sources of The Ministry of Public Works).
In relation to the importance of the aforementioned, we must add the classification by the CNPIC (National Center for the Protection of Critical Infrastructures) of numerous port facilities as Critical Infrastructures because they provide “essential services” for society, which obliges them to execute a broad set of actions to be able to guarantee this provision.
To respond to all this complex scenario, the ports are evolving towards the so-called Smart Ports, guaranteeing on the one hand the security and continuity of their facilities/processes, and ensuring at the same time their greater competitiveness, expressed not by a larger size of physical facilities but by having more efficient and intelligent processes, all under an umbrella of respect for the environment.
In all these aspects is where the technology and experience of Telefónica, offers all its possibilities, including the most innovative concepts such as intelligent process management, the IoT (Internet of Things) world, the new high-speed multiservice networks, the Cloud Computing, intelligent integration platforms or new security systems. All this, in addition, perfectly integrated with an environment traditionally related to ports, such as cities (in this case under the concept of Smart Cities).
With all the above, and focused on the field of Security, the range of TIS proposals covers:
- Intelligent CCTV systems: through an adequate deployment of high resolution cameras and specific intelligent video analysis algorithms for the port environment, it is possible to monitor large areas of land and perimeters, as well as to control the different processes that are carried out in any point of it.
- Automated Access Control: which allows an important optimization of the registration processes and access to the facilities, avoiding delays and inefficiencies. The vehicular access in this type of facilities is extremely critical, and the large-scale transport traffic should be agile and very efficient to avoid interruptions of the port activity and, consequently, resulting in an increase in the competitiveness of the port. These systems, properly integrated with different databases, prove to offer greater security and agility than traditional manual checks.
- Intrusion Detection Systems: through the installation of different sensor elements it is possible to detect and identify access to certain points that may lead to an interruption or degradation of the port processes, damage to its image or negative environmental impacts. Extensive port extensions and complicated zoning require new safety engineering designs and the use of specific sensors.
- High Availability of Systems: high availability architectures are implemented to guarantee the operation of the systems even in the most critical or adverse scenarios that may occur. In this sense, the most appropriate high availability solution is determined for each installation, being able to have both hardware / software redundancy, as well as the location of centralization nodes or “cloud computing”.
- Port Processes Integration Platform: in such a way that from the same application you have a global vision of the functioning of all the processes, being able to act quickly and efficiently in any situation. It is important to highlight the possibility of integrations with numerous external systems, such as port management of the port’s own activity, or systems such as those associated with Smart Cities, all with the aim of increasing the agility and effectiveness in the development of the activities that take place in the installation.
- IP Communications Networks: both wired and wireless, covering the entire scope of the port and allowing the communication of the different devices dispersed by the facilities with the main processing systems. Given the characteristics of the type of site and morphology of it, it is necessary to have a compendium of technologies such as fiber optic rings, Wifi, 3G, Wimax, etc. and always without affecting the port’s critical communications.
- Information Security: innovative systems and services associated with information security are deployed, such as smart event mappers, unified identity management, or services such as the prevention and mitigation of fraud or digital surveillance.
All this set of solutions is driven by a specialized consultancy that both from the early stages, corresponding to the development of OSP plans (Operator Security Plan) and SPP (Specific Protection Plan) following the premises dictated by the CNPIC, as during the execution of the project, it supports the client in identifying the most suitable solutions (both electronic and information security), to develop them and to guarantee the total success of each stage of the project. As proof of this,Telefónica Ingeniería de Seguridad has recently been awarded large Smart Port projects such as the Port of Vigo, the Port of A Coruña and the Port of Avilés, where many of these aspects have been put into practice.